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ASP.NET Hosting HostForLIFE.eu :: Centralized Exception Handling Without Using Try Catch Block In .Net Core 2.2 Web API

clock September 3, 2019 12:00 by author Peter

Rather than writing try catch block for each method, throwing exceptions manually and handling them, here we will use the power of .Net Core middleware to handle the exceptions at one single place, so that when an exception occurs anywhere in the code, the appropriate action can be taken. We will use UseExceptionHandler extension method that will add a middleware to the pipeline, and it will catch exceptions, log them, reset the request path, and re-execute the request if response has not already started.

Developer can customize the response format as well.

To achive this in .NetCore 2.2, this code snippet is very simple and it's just a matter of adding a few lines in your Startup.cs.

Simply go in Configure method and add the below code,
if (env.IsDevelopment()) {  
    app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();  
} else {  
    app.UseExceptionHandler(errorApp => errorApp.Run(async context => {  
        // use Exception handler path feature to catch the exception details   
        var exceptionHandlerPathFeature = context.Features.Get < IExceptionHandlerPathFeature > ();  
        // log errors using above exceptionHandlerPathFeature object   
        Console.WriteLine(exceptionHandlerPathFeature ? .Error);  
        // Write a custom response message to API Users   
        context.Response.StatusCode = "500";  
        // Set a response format    
        context.Response.ContentType = "application/json";  
        await context.Response.WriteAsync("Some error occured.");  
    }));  
}  


The Console.WriteLine() is for demonstration purposes only. Here a developer can log the exceptions using any tool/package getting used in their project.

When any exceptions are thrown in the application this code will be executed and will produce the desired custom response in non-development environments (as in a development env we are using UseDeveloperExceptionPage() as a middleware).

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET 4.8 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.

 



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: Rotate Ads Without Refreshing the Page Using AdRotator in ASP.NET

clock August 20, 2019 12:18 by author Peter

This article explains the concept of the AdRotator control without the user refreshing the page and rotates the ads on a certain time interval. This article also gives a tip to fetch ad information from an XML file. The AdRotator Control presents ad images each time a user enters or refreshes a webpage. When the ads are clicked, it will navigate to a new web location. However the ads are rotated only when the user refreshes the page. In this article, we will explore how you can easily rotate ads at regular intervals, without the user refreshing the page. First of all start Visual Studio .NET And make a new ASP.NET web site using Visual Studio 2010.
 
Now you have to create a web site.
Go to Visual Studio 2010
New-> Select a website application
Click OK

Now add a new page to the website.

    Go to the Solution Explorer
    Right-click on the Project name
    Select add new item
    Add new web page and give it a name
    Click OK

We create an images folder in the application which contains some images to rotate in the AdRotator control. Now add a XML file. To do so, right-click the App_Data folder > Add New Item > 'XML File' > Rename it to adXMLFile.xml and click Add. Put this code in the .XML File.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
    <Advertisements> 
    <Ad> 
    <ImageUrl>~/Images/image1.gif</ImageUrl> 
    <NavigateUrl>http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/</NavigateUrl> 
    <AlternateText>C-sharpcorner Home Page</AlternateText> 
    <Impressions>3</Impressions> 
    <Keyword>small</Keyword> 
    </Ad> 
    <Ad> 
    <ImageUrl>~/images/forest_wood.JPG</ImageUrl> 
    <NavigateUrl>http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/</NavigateUrl> 
    <AlternateText>C-sharpcorner Home Page</AlternateText> 
    <Impressions>2</Impressions> 
    <Keyword>small</Keyword> 
    </Ad> 
    <Ad> 
    <ImageUrl>~/images/image2.gif</ImageUrl> 
    <Width>300</Width> 
    <Height>50</Height> 
    <NavigateUrl>http://www.c-sharpcorner.com/</NavigateUrl> 
    <AlternateText>C-sharpcorner Home Page</AlternateText> 
    <Impressions>3</Impressions> 
    <Keyword>small</Keyword> 
    </Ad> 
    </Advertisements> 


XML file elements

  • Here is a list and a description of the <Ad> tag items.
  • ImageUrl - The URL of the image to display.
  • NavigateUrl - The URL where the page will go after AdRotator image is clicked.
  • AlternateText - Text to display if the image is unavailable.
  • Keyword - Category of the ad, which can be used to filter for specific ads.
  • Impressions - Frequency of ad to be displayed. This number is used when you want some ads to be displayed more frequently than others.
  • Height - Height of the ad in pixels.
  • Width - Width of the ad in pixel.

Now drag and drop an AdRotator control from the toolbox to the .aspx and bind it to the advertisement file. To bind the AdRotator to our XML file, we will make use of the "AdvertisementFile" property of the AdRotator control as shown below:
    <asp:AdRotator 
    id="AdRotator1" 
    AdvertisementFile="~/adXMLFile.xml" 
    KeywordFilter="small" 
    Runat="server" /> 


To rotate the ads without refreshing the page, we will add some AJAX code to the page.
    <Triggers> 
    <asp:AsyncPostBackTrigger ControlID="Timer1" EventName="Tick" /> 
    </Triggers> 


The .aspx code will be as shown below.
 
Now drag and drop an UpdatePanel and add an AdRotator control into it. The DataList code looks like this:
    <%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="adrotator.aspx.cs" Inherits="adrotator" %> 
    <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> 
    <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> 
    <head runat="server"> 
    <title></title> 
    </head> 
    <body> 
    <form id="form1" runat="server"> 
    <div> 
    <asp:ScriptManager ID="ScriptManager1" runat="server" /> 
    <asp:Timer ID="Timer1" Interval="1000" runat="server" /> 
    <asp:UpdatePanel ID="up1" runat="server"> 
    <Triggers> 
    <asp:AsyncPostBackTrigger ControlID="Timer1" EventName="Tick" /> 
    </Triggers> 
    <ContentTemplate> 
    <asp:AdRotator ID="AdRotator1" AdvertisementFile="~/adXMLFile.xml" KeywordFilter="small" 
    runat="server" /> 
    </ContentTemplate> 
    </asp:UpdatePanel> 
    </div> 
    </form> 
    </body> 
    </html> 


Now run the application and test it. The AdRotator control rotates the ads without the user refreshing the page and rotates the ads on a certain time interval



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: Session Wrapper Design Pattern For ASP.NET Core

clock August 14, 2019 11:11 by author Peter

In this article, we will learn to access the Session data in a Typed manner by getting IntelliSense support. We learned how to use Session in ASP.NET Core. In this article, we'll learn about Session Wrapper design pattern to ease the access of Session. In short, we'll make our access of session "Typed". Also, we may apply any validation or constraint in this wrapper class.

Step 1 - Create a Session Manager class

In this example, we are going to store two items in Session (i.e. ID & LoginName).
We are injecting IHttpContextAccessor so that we can access the Session variable.
We are creating properties which are actually accessing Session variable and returning the data or writing the data to Session.
We have added one helping property "IsLoggedIn" which is using other properties to make a decision. We may have more such helping/wrapper properties.
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;

public class SessionManager 

    private readonly ISession _session; 
    private const String ID_KEY = "_ID"; 
    private const String LOGIN_KEY = "_LoginName"; 
    public SessionManager(IHttpContextAccessor httpContextAccessor) 
    { 
        _session = httpContextAccessor.HttpContext.Session; 
    } 

    public int ID 
    { 
        get 
        { 
            var v = _session.GetInt32(ID_KEY); 
            if (v.HasValue) 
                return v.Value; 
            else 
                return 0; 
        } 
        set 
        { 
            _session.SetInt32(ID_KEY, value); 
        } 
    } 
    public String LoginName 
    { 
        get 
        { 
            return _session.GetString(LOGIN_KEY); 
        } 
        set 
        { 
            _session.SetString(LOGIN_KEY, value); 
        } 
    } 
    public Boolean IsLoggedIn 
    { 
        get 
        { 
            if (ID > 0) 
                return true; 
            else 
                return false; 
        } 
    } 
}
 

Step 2
Registering IHttpContextAccessor and SessionManager in Startup file.
services.AddSingleton<IHttpContextAccessor, HttpContextAccessor>(); 
services.AddScoped<SessionManager>(); 


Step 3
Injecting SessionManager in your classes. Here is an example of Controller class but in the same way, it can be injected in non-controller classes too.
private readonly SessionManager _sessionManager; 
public HomeController(SessionManager sessionManager) 

  _sessionManager = sessionManager; 


Step 4
Using SessionManager to access Session Data,
_sessionManager.ID = 1; 
_sessionManager.LoginName = dto.Login; 

if(_sessionManager.IsLoggedIn == true) 

ViewBag.Login = _sessionManager.LoginName; 
return View(); 


Conclusion
This wrapper pattern helps using Session without worrying about KeyNames & Makes access easier. It also helps you apply different conditioning and constraints in a wrapper class.

 



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: How to Use Serilog with ASP.NET Core 2

clock August 7, 2019 08:48 by author Scott

Today, I will discuss about Serilog. What is Serilog? Serilog is an open source event library for .NET. Serilog gives you two important components: loggers and sinks (outputs). Most applications will have a single static logger and several sinks, so in this example I’ll use two: the console and a rolling file sink.

Starting with a new ASP.NET Core 2.0 Web Application running on .NET Framework (as in the image to the right), begin by grabbing a few packages off NuGet:

  • Serilog
  • Serilog.AspNetCore
  • Serilog.Settings.Configuration
  • Serilog.Sinks.Console
  • Serilog.Sinks.RollingFile

Next, you will need to modify some files.

Startup.cs

Startup constructor

Create the static Log.Logger by reading from the configuration (see appsettings.json below). The constructor should now look like this:

public Startup(IConfiguration configuration)
{
   Log.Logger = new LoggerConfiguration().ReadFrom.Configuration(configuration).CreateLogger();
Configuration = configuration;
}

BuildWebHost method

Next, add the .UseSerilog() extension to the BuildWebHost method. It should now look like this:

public static IWebHost BuildWebHost(string[] args) =>
WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
.UseStartup<Startup>()
.UseSerilog() // <-- Add this line
.Build();

The BuildWebHost method might look strange because the body of this method is called an expression body rather than a traditional method with a statement body.

Configure method

At the start of the configure method, add one line at the top to enable the Serilog middleware. You can optionally remove the other loggers as this point as well. Your Configure method should start like this:

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env, ILoggerFactory loggerFactory)
{
     loggerFactory.AddSerilog(); // <-- Add this line
     ...

appsettings.json

At the root level of the appsettings.json (or one of the environment-specific settings files), add something like this:

"Serilog": {
     "Using": [ "Serilog.Sinks.Console" ],
     "MinimumLevel": "Debug",
     "WriteTo": [
            { "Name": "Console" },
            {
                    "Name": "RollingFile",
                    "Args": {
                          "pathFormat": "logs\\log-{Date}.txt",
                          "outputTemplate": "{Timestamp:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.fff zzz} [{Level}] {Message}{NewLine}{Exception}"
                    }
            }
     ],
     "Enrich": [ "FromLogContext", "WithMachineName", "WithThreadId" ],
     "Properties": {
     "Application": "My Application"
            }
}

If you’re wondering about the pathFormat and what other parameters you can use, there aren’t that many. {Date} is the only “switch” you can use with this particular sink. But you can use any environment variable (things like %TEMP%), allowing for a pathFormat of:

"%TEMP%\\logs\\log-{Date}.txt"

The outputTemplate has a LOT of options that I won’t get into here because the official documentation does a great job of explaining it.

As for the event levels, I’ve copied the list below from the official documentation for reference.

  1. Verbose – tracing information and debugging minutiae; generally only switched on in unusual situations
  2. Debug – internal control flow and diagnostic state dumps to facilitate pinpointing of recognised problems
  3. Information – events of interest or that have relevance to outside observers; the default enabled minimum logging level
  4. Warning – indicators of possible issues or service/functionality degradation
  5. Error – indicating a failure within the application or connected system
  6. Fatal – critical errors causing complete failure of the application

You’ll also notice in the above JSON that the “Using” property is set to an array containing “Serilog.Sinks.Console” but not “Serilog.Sinks.RollingFile”. Everything appears to work, so I am not sure what impact this property has.  



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: How to Fix “An error occurred while starting the application” in ASP.NET Core on IIS

clock July 5, 2019 07:33 by author Scott

.NET Core is the latest Microsoft product and Microsoft always keep update their technologies. We have written tutorial about how to publish ASP.NET Core on IIS server, but we know that some of you sometimes receive error when deploying your ASP.NET Core. Feel frustrated to fix the issue? Yeah, not only you have headache, but some of our clients also experience same problem like you. That’s why we write this tutorial and hope it can help to fix your issue!

Anyone see this error? Have problem to solve it? We want to help you here!

The Problem

 

It basically means something bad happened with your application. Things you need to check

  • You might not have the correct .NET Core version installed on the server.
  • You might be missing DLL’s
  • Something went wrong in your Program.cs or Startup.cs before any exception handling kicked in

If you use Windows Server, then I believe that you can’t find anything on your Event Viewer too. You’ll notice that there is no error on your Event Viewer log. Why? This is because Event Logging must be wired up explicitly and you’ll need to use the Microsoft.Extensions.Logging.EventLog package, and depending on the error, you might not have a chance to even catch it to log to the Event Viewer.

How to Fix it?

So, how to fix error above? The followings are the steps to fix the error:

1. Open your web.config

2. Change stdoutLogEnabled=true

3. Create a logs folder

  • Unfortunately, the AspNetCoreModule doesn’t create the folder for you by default
  • If you forget to create the logs folder, an error will be logged to the Event Viewer that says: Warning: Could not create stdoutLogFile \\?\YourPath\logs\stdout_timestamp.log, ErrorCode = -2147024893.
  • The “stdout” part of  the value “.\logs\stdout” actually references the filename not the folder.  Which is a bit confusing.

4. Run your request again, then open the \logs\stdout_*.log file

Note – you will want to turn this off after you’re done troubleshooting, as it is a performance hit.

So your web.config’s aspNetCore element should look something like this

 <aspNetCore processPath=”.\YourProjectName.exe” stdoutLogEnabled=”true” stdoutLogFile=”.\logs\stdout” />

Doing this will log all the requests out to this file and when the exception occurs, it will give you the full stack trace of what happened in the \logs\stdout_*.log file

  

 

 

Hope this helps!

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About HostForLIFE

HostForLIFE is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2019 Hosting, ASP.NET 5 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2019 Hosting.


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